The Smart Urbanisation Problems and Covid-19 Pandemic

In another key danger, the balance between the private sector’s various interests, especially the ICT sector, and the city’s demands is noted as a significant issue. Also, decisions are sometimes made without consideration of what would be best for the city as a whole. Because of the importance placed on using technology, there is a risk of disproportionate technological advancement in Smart City, as implementing Information and Communication Technologies does not automatically make a city smart (Abusaada , 2020).

 Furthermore, this shift in the technology focus might encourage unsustainable behaviour, antiquated development models, and unproductive conduct in the market and people, since the ICT deployment is created to adapt to market and citizen behavior and not to alter it. For example, with regard to public transportation, the inequalities in the availability of infrastructural networks are a significant contributing element to socioeconomic and territorial inequality. In regard to such networks, several territories have developed their own variations in terms of accessibility, which is one of the reasons why ‘Smart Territory’ has instead of ‘Smart City’ to characterize the situation. The vast majority of so-called smart cities, according to this definition, have an underlying focus on business-led urban development in general (Kylili, et al 2020). 

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When these cities see themselves as neo-liberal places where collaborative activity in the public-private sector covers a business model intended to promote companies while also eliminating the conflict-of-interest debates, they call themselves neo-liberal cities. Other elements, including education and accessibility to technology, might have an upsetting effect on the displacement of lower-income families inside the city. So, the points I would like to highlight are as follows: On the one hand, focusing on technical advancements and economic growth would lead to more social and spatial isolation, as it will lower the importance of social factors and steer the development of unsustainable cities (Sharifi , 2020).

Furthermore, there is an unchecked number of individuals who are living in extremely low conditions in Angolan cities.  Inadequate infrastructure in Angola mostly affects those in poverty.  The most significant issues that plague the populace include inadequate utility management, scarcity of water and energy, and exorbitant expenses.  Although one-third of the population of Angola has access to basic sanitation, major issues and difficulties persist in combating crime and illness in developing urban areas where poverty levels are greater. Angolan towns are faring well thanks to the worldwide epidemic (Kang , 2020). However, Covid-19 gave Angola’s cities the opportunity to adjust their thinking and the way they perform daily business. Most cities during the epidemic prioritized their problems while also challenging them. 

The crisis expedited the use of technology and computerised transactions. E-government services and online money transactions adoption has skyrocketed. Our cities are working hard to cope with the effects of the Covid-19 epidemic, and thus far they’ve been successful with their limited resources and local conditions (Kunzmann , 2020). An extraordinary demographic surge accompanied by many problems for governments, which must keep up with population expansion, housing, food, water, transit, waste management, energy supply, etc. As of now, nearly all cities are not meeting data-gathering and e-government service needs. Technology adoption in our activities is not yet perfect. 

Angola must take advantage of this increase in urban areas, of urban residents, to address these issues. In this process, technology is an essential instrument. With all these challenges Angola has the ability to solve, the development of smart cities is essential (Zhang , et al 2021). 


Abusaada, H. and Elshater, A., 2020. COVID-19 challenge, information technologies, and smart cities: considerations for well-being. International Journal of Community well-being3(3), pp.417-424.

He, W., Zhang, Z.J. and Li, W., 2021. Information technology solutions, challenges, and suggestions for tackling the COVID-19 pandemic. International journal of information management57, p.102287.

Kang, M., Choi, Y., Kim, J., Lee, K.O., Lee, S., Park, I.K., Park, J. and Seo, I., 2020. COVID-19 impact on city and region: what’s next after lockdown?. international journal of urban sciences24(3), pp.297-315.

Kunzmann, K.R., 2020. Smart cities after covid-19: ten narratives. disP-The Planning Review56(2), pp.20-31.

Kylili, A., Afxentiou, N., Georgiou, L., Panteli, C., Morsink-Georgalli, P.Z., Panayidou, A., Papouis, C. and Fokaides, P.A., 2020. The role of remote working in smart cities: Lessons learnt from COVID-19 pandemic. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, pp.1-16.

Sharifi, A. and Khavarian-Garmsir, A.R., 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic: Impacts on cities and major lessons for urban planning, design, and management. Science of The Total Environment, p.142391.

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